A drone is a small unpiloted aircraft which works on the remote rather than Pilot actually sitting in the aircraft and flying it. There are so many applications of Drones like:
- It can be used for Military Operation Purposes
- It can be used for shooting videos or clicking pictures from Top View
- Useful in Spying (Although Unethical)
- Many Companies earlier started using it to deliver goods to the customer. (Most of the countries have banned flying the drone in the sky without the permission of the administration)
Follow These Method To Make Your Own Drone
In order to create your first working drone, you will require to follow these simple methods exactly as it will be taught in this article. We have added the references almost to every context which might lead you to the confusion. Hope you have a good time while learning to make the cheapest drone.
(1st Step) Finding the design through relevant Sources
There are so many kinds of Drones module possible and hence it is very necessary for us to decide which module we will be using for building our first drone. By many modules, we mean-
- Fixed Wing Drone: Since these drones use the ‘Wing’ like structure similar to an aeroplane, it is called fixed wind drone. These type of models can’t utilize energy to stay floating in the air (since they cannot stand still on the air) against the gravity.
- Single Rotor Drones: These looks no different than the Helicopters that we see flying in our neighbours in our day to day life. Its basic design is completely different from that of multi-rotor drones at it has only one rotor attached to it with a small rotor at the back side to control its heading movement. These are considered to be more efficient than the multi-rotor drones because these are powered by gas engines rather than a battery and can fly for a longer duration. These drones are difficult to control as compared to the multi-rotor drones and hence require hard training to get full control over it.
- Multi Rotor Drones: These are the most common type of drones that are widely used by people for various purposes. Some of their common applications are drone photography, video surveillance etc. The use might differ from the individual to individual and hence the prices also range differently. Say, if you are looking for drones capable for doing aerial photography, it might cost you about 500$ or more and if you are looking for drones for fun purposes; it might cost you as less than 50$. These are the cheapest drones as compared to others listed below as manufacturing of these is quite easy.
(2nd Step) Creating the Basic Framework for our Drone
Now, Since we are done with choosing our module for the drone! It’s time for the basic framework. This part basically focuses on how your drone will look like and what materials will be required to keep it’s weight lighter so that it can float in the air for longer. For this tutorial, the module that we are choosing is Multi-Roter Drone, i.e, QuadCopter. You can find all the materials required in your local stores or you can take help of Online Shopping Websites like Amazon, Flipkart etc.
(3rd Step) Finding materials required for making a Drone
Now we will need to collect some basic materials like:
- Motor x4
- Electronic Speed Control (ESC) x4
- Flight Control Board
- Radio transmitter and receiver
- Propeller x4 (2 clockwise and 2 counter-clockwise)
- Battery & Charger
Making the body of the drone is the most crucial part as it should not use materials which could exceed its weight. Moreover, all the parts like motor and battery are put into the body; so the body needs to be perfectly designed.
Motor: A drone is almost incomplete without the use of these motors. The motors are used to spin the propellers of our drone. There are hundreds of kind of motors available in the market from the lowest to the highest price. You can purchase one according to your need which you think can give the right performance. A 1000kV motor is a good size if you are planning to make your first drone.
Propellers: What common mistake people usually do is that they buy all 4 propellers of the same kind. In order to make our drone working it is important for the two propellers to rotate counter-clockwise and for two propellors to rotate anti-clockwise. We will be using 9×4.7 propellers in this tutorial.
1) Setting Up Body
Installing The Components and Drive System
1) Placing The Motors in The Frame
Until now we have already prepared our drone’s body frame. Now, our task is to attach the components of the drone which will actually make it fly. So first such component is The Motor. Since we are making a quadcopter, we will require 4 motors to be placed with all the 4 propellers to make them rotate. Use glue to stick the motor at one place after attaching the motor’s rotating part to the propeller. Do the same with all 4 motors and bring wires of all of them at the centre.
Note: It will be better if you use screws to tighten the motors within the body frame rather than using the Glue.
2) Attaching Battery to the Drone
The size and shape of the battery matter a lot. For this tutorial, use a flat shape battery so that the other electric components can be placed over it. The battery should be placed in the centre so that its weight doesn’t dominate the direction of the drone. The drone can lose its stability if the battery is not rightly placed.
Now the question is: “How will we remove and replace the battery position if the drone doesn’t remain stable after sticking the battery at some place?” So instead of using glue at first, try using zip ties to fix your battery on the drone. Once you find the perfect position, you can glue the battery over there.